(DP 1996-10) Rural Growth, Food Security, and Poverty Alleviation in Developing Asian Countries

Arsenio M. Balisacan


While agricultural growth has been recognized as the key to poverty alleviation in most developing countries, recent experience suggests that this is often not enough. The alleviation of rural food insecurity and poverty hinges critically on the responce of rural nonfarm areas to the stimulus provided by this growth as well as by nonfarm (urban, export) demand growth. Using recent theoretical ideas and Asian experiences, the paper illustrates the influence of initial conditions-size distribution of incomes and physical assets, state of rural infrastructure and human capital, and macroeconomic political environment-in shaping this responce and hense rural welfare outcomes.

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