About Per SE

Commentary and research on current events and public policy by economists from the University of the Philippines
Posts tagged "employment and unemployment"

Hanjin Philippines shipbuilding bankruptcy

The Philippine business community was rocked on Jan. 8 by the announcement of the bankruptcy of Hanjin Heavy Industries and Construction Philippines – the Korean shipbuilding company based in the country.

Tourism as a driver of growth and employment

The Philippine tourism industry today is now much bigger than a decade ago. However, it is still a relatively small industry compared to the tourism industries among other ASEAN neighbors.

The minimum wage and economic progress

Unrealistic or excessive demands concerning minimum wage could escalate into unproductive outcomes for all involved. Unfortunately, in our present case, where the good jobs are less plentiful in relation to all the workers seeking to fill them, the imposition of high minimum wages will only cause loss of jobs for many workers.

What, me worry?

Duterte’s creeping authoritarianism, however, is being implemented in full view of an apathetic crowd.

Contractualization and the larger issue of employment and poverty reduction

The department of labor has finally signed off on the “endo” problem with Department Order No. 174. The outcome of the order will likely lead to more unemployment, some early confusion, and likely more dissatisfaction among stakeholders. The worst outcome is for labor – the unskilled and the unemployed and underemployed.

Ending ‘endo’ — larger issues

The call to end “contractualization” is but a continuation of the opposition led by organized labor against the practice of employing workers on a non-regular basis. Costly regulation or not, there are real economic reasons for the variety of contractual arrangements observed in the Philippine labor market.

More on ‘endo’ and employment

Removal of “endo,” or contractualization, is not as simple as proponents want it to be. It has major implications on the employment situation and, hence, on poverty.

Endo, wages, poverty, and employment-labor market issues

It is a paradox, but it is true. Measures that appear to be modest in terms of labor policy will allow us the greatest flexibility in achieving more development and improve the welfare of labor. This is borne out by the experience of many countries in our neighborhood.

Options to improve labor market policies and mulitply the ‘good’ jobs’ — Part II

In last week’s column, I presented the discouraging aspects of employment generation in the country using a recent World Bank analysis of the problem. If these facts are recognized at the start of a new president’s term, the stage could be set toward a proper reform of labor market policies.

To multiply good jobs and reduce poverty

Last week, the Philippine Statistical Authority released the employment data on the economy, for April 2016. While the picture is one that tells us about progress being achieved in the area, it essentially informs us that our record in raising employment is far from what we want it to be.

Employment market policies under the incoming Duterte government

Employment creation is the most effective weapon against poverty eradication. There are very hopeful signs that the incoming government of president-elect Duterte will move well on this front.

Contractualization of labor as 2016 election issue

Mayor Duterte, candidate for president, made a big splash on labor market issues when he said that if elected, he would put an end to the “contractualization of labor.” He said contractualization would kill the development of Philippine labor skills.