About Per SE

Commentary and research on current events and public policy by economists from the University of the Philippines
Posts tagged "history"

India’s economic growth and the Philippines compared

Comparisons with other countries enable us to see ourselves in a fresh light. We get to understand and appreciate our problems and strengths in perspective.

Mexico and the Philippines: economic relations with the US compared

Of all countries that I often cite about missing many economic opportunities in the past, Mexico comes close to being in our image.

US trade, economic policy toward the Philippines in the 1900s

Old economic problems resurrect themselves in the same form over and over. An example was the resolution of trade and protection affecting the Philippines as a colony during the early years of the 1900s.

Indonesia and the Philippines compared

At the advent of our respective political independence, we were economically far ahead of Indonesia. By the mid-1980s, they have outstripped our economic performance. We should really have done much better than they.

Provate sector 1946-1950: Who got war damage compensation?

The payment of war damage compensation to private parties formed the bulk of the US appropriations to implement the Philippine rehabilitation act of 1946.

Manuel A. Roxas, transition and rehabilitation president

The first major task of the new president was to put in place a program of economic reconstruction and growth. The country had practically no financial resources of substance to work with to undertake that reconstruction.

Laurel-Langley trade agreement and reparations from Japan — Magsaysay presidency (2)

During Magsaysay’s presidency, the country concluded two agreements with important economic consequences for the future.

The uncleaning of Manila Bay — historical background

The recent public outcry and demand for the cleanup of Manila Bay is the result of decades of continued deterioration of the environmental health of Metro Manila and its bay since after the Second World War.

Two letters: on tourism and Jose Rizal

I sometimes receive thoughtful letters that help extend my column or suggest contrary ideas. I want to share two different letters below with my readers.

Jose Rizal’s ideals and ideas

Jose Rizal’s ideals were a product and composite of the teachings of what is known as the philosophy of Enlightenment. That stage of philosophy marked the dawn of the eighteenth century in Europe and continued to the 19th century.

Forex controls in the 1950s

The 1950s were an era of foreign exchange and import controls for the Philippines. This lasted for a solid one decade during which the country undertook to rehabilitate from the war and move toward political and economic independence. We could have built the nation better in those formative years.

Two pesos per dollar unsustainable after independence: Phl economic history

Philippine independence was on schedule to be delivered on July 4, 1946 just a few months after the end of the Second World War. The economy was vastly devastated by four years of Japanese occupation and the war for liberation which brought in further destruction.