(DP 2013-05) Does economic empowerment protect women against domestic violence? Evidence from the Philippines

S. Quimbo, X. Javier


Using data from the 2008 National Demographic and Health Survey, we ask whether women's economic empowerment -defined alternatively as having the ability to decide on (i) daily needs, (ii) major purchases, and (iii) spending own income - protects women against domestic violence. Using a simple model of choice of conflict resolution technology among spouses, we find evidence that economic empowerment protects women in a non-linear way. Low and high levels of empowerment reduce the likelihood of women experiencing domestic violence, possibly reflecting traditional gender roles in Philippine society.

JEL code: J12, J16


Economic empowerment; domestic violence; Philippines

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